There are cases when mobile network codes are occupied not by mobile carriers, but government structures (military, railway, landline phone authorities), fixed and broadband internet providers, scientific organisations, etc. Some MCCMNCs belong to obsolete legal entities, acquired by other market players or went to bankruptcy, but codes are kept for a certain period for legacy purposes.
|Mobile network code (MNC)
|Mobile country code (MCC)
|Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
|Tchibo Mobil was launched as first MVNO in Germany in 2004 and is a partnership between coffee house chain Tchibo and O2 Germany.